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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X

Resumo

CAMPOS, Valdir Ribeiro; SALGADO, Rogério de Souza  e  ROCHA, Mariela Campos. Positive breathalyzer test: factors associated with drinking and driving in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2013, vol.29, n.1, pp.51-61. ISSN 0102-311X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2013000100007.

Few researches in Brazil have focused on factors associated with drinking and driving. The current study presents data on the prevalence and characteristics of individuals that drive under the influence of alcohol (DUI) in nine regions of the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. A total of 1,656 drivers were interviewed, of whom 1,254 (76%) agreed to answer a structured questionnaire and submit to the breathalyzer test. The breathalyzer test was positive in 15% of these drivers. The logistic regression model predicted 1.5 times higher odds of a positive breathalyzer test in drivers over 31 years of age and 4.5 times higher in individuals that reported at least weekly alcohol consumption. In addition, drivers in the Barreiro region showed two-fold odds of a positive breathalyzer test. Focused studies with sobriety checkpoints can monitor DUI behavior, drivers' characteristics, and traffic risks, meanwhile orienting public policies to prevent drinking and driving.

Palavras-chave : Alcohol Drinking; Traffic Accidents; Toxicity Testes; Public Policies; Legislation.

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