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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

Print version ISSN 0102-311X

Abstract

ENTRINGER, Aline Piovezan et al. Cost analysis of hospital care for newborns at risk: comparison of an Intermediate Neonatal Care Unit and a Kangaroo Unit. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2013, vol.29, n.6, pp.1205-1216. ISSN 0102-311X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2013000600017.

The aim of this study was to compare the direct costs of implementation of the Kangaroo Method and an Intermediate Neonatal Care Unit, from the perspective of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Newborns were eligible for inclusion if they were clinically stable and were able to receive care in those two modalities. A decision tree model was developed that incorporated baseline variables and costs into a hypothetical cohort of 1,000 newborns, according to the literature and expert opinions. Daily cost was BR$343.53 for the second stage of the Kangaroo Unit and BR$394.22 for the Intermediate Neonatal Care Unit. The total cost for the hypothetical cohort was BR$5,710,281.66 for the second and third stages of the Kangaroo Unit and R$7,119,865.61 for the Intermediate Neonatal Care Unit. The Intermediate Neonatal Care Unit cost 25% more than the Kangaroo Unit. The study can contribute to decision-making in health, in addition to providing support for studies related to economic evaluation in neonatal health.

Keywords : Kangaroo-Mother Care Method; Humanization of Assistance; Costs and Cost Analysis; Low Birth Weight Infant.

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