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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X

Resumo

POBLACION, Ana Paula et al. Food insecurity in Brazilian families with children under five years of age. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.5, pp.1067-1078. ISSN 0102-311X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00072713.

This article analyzes food insecurity and hunger in Brazilian families with children under five years of age. This was a nationally representative cross-sectional study using data from the National Demographic and Health Survey on Women and Children (PNDS-2006), in which the outcome variable was moderate to severe food insecurity, measured by the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale (EBIA). Prevalence estimates and prevalence ratios were generated with 95% confidence intervals. The results showed a high prevalence of moderate to severe food insecurity, concentrated in the North and Northeast regions (30.7%), in economic classes D and E (34%), and in beneficiaries of conditional cash transfer programs (36.5%). Multivariate analysis showed that the socioeconomic relative risks (beneficiaries of conditional cash transfers), regional relative risks (North and Northeast regions), and economic relative risks (classes D and E) were 1.8, 2.0 and 2.4, respectively. Aggregation of the three risks showed 48% of families with moderate to severe food insecurity, meaning that adults and children were going hungry during the three months preceding the survey.

Palavras-chave : Food Security; Social Inequity; Social Vulnerability; Health Surveys; Hunger.

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