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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X

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CARRILLO-BONILLA, Lina María; TRUJILLO, Juan José; ALVAREZ-SALAS, Lizeth  e  VELEZ-BERNAL, Iván Darío. Study of knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to leishmaniasis: evidence of government neglect in the Colombian Darién. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.10, pp.2134-2144. ISSN 0102-311X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00139713.

American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is considered a public health problem worldwide, and incidence in Colombia is 12,000 cases per year. Colombia has implemented control programs for years which have often overlooked the social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the regions where the disease occurs. As part of an epidemiological study, this article presents the results of a survey on knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to leishmaniasis in rural populations in Acandí in the Colombian Darién. Qualitative and quantitative tools were used (ethnography and surveys, respectively). The results show scarce knowledge among the population on basic aspects such as recognition of the sand fly vector. There were also differences in KAP according to gender and type of population, rather than by geographic area. The study points to government neglect as a critical factor in the persistence of the disease.

Palavras-chave : Cutaneous Leishmaniasis; Health Knowledge; Attitudes; Practice; Neglected Diseases.

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