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vol.30 suppl.1Assistência pré-natal no BrasilFatores associados à cesariana entre primíparas adolescentes no Brasil, 2011-2012 índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X

Resumo

DOMINGUES, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira et al. Process of decision-making regarding the mode of birth in Brazil: from the initial preference of women to the final mode of birth. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2014, vol.30, suppl.1, pp.S101-S116. ISSN 0102-311X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00105113.

The purpose of this article is to describe the factors cited for the preference for type of birth in early pregnancy and reconstruct the decision process by type of birth in Brazil. Data from a national hospital-based cohort with 23,940 postpartum women, held in 2011-2012, were analyzed according to source of funding for birth and parity, using the χ2 test. The initial preference for cesarean delivery was 27.6%, ranging from 15.4% (primiparous public sector) to 73.2% (multiparous women with previous cesarean private sector). The main reason for the choice of vaginal delivery was the best recovery of this type of birth (68.5%) and for the choice of cesarean, the fear of pain (46.6%). Positive experience with vaginal delivery (28.7%), cesarean delivery (24.5%) and perform female sterilization (32.3%) were cited by multiparous. Women from private sector presented 87.5% caesarean, with increased decision for cesarean birth in end of gestation, independent of diagnosis of complications. In both sectors, the proportion of caesarean section was much higher than desired by women.

Palavras-chave : Parturition; Maternal and Child Health; Patient Preference; Cesarean Section.

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