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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X

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SANCHEZ-VALLEJO, Patricia G.; PEREZ-NUNEZ, Ricardo  e  HEREDIA-PI, Ileana. Economic cost of permanent disability caused by road traffic injuries in Mexico in 2012. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.4, pp.755-766. ISSN 0102-311X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00020314.

This study estimated the economic costs of permanent disability caused by road traffic injuries in Mexico during 2012. From the health system's perspective, a bottom-up approach was used to calculate direct medical costs (hospitalization, outpatient care, rehabilitation, and prostheses). From society's perspective, using a human capital approach, indirect costs were associated with loss of productivity for the victims and their caregivers. Permanent disability due to road traffic injuries takes a high toll on the health system and Mexican society. From the health system perspective, the cost was US$269,529,480.72, or US$1,496.33 per victim. The estimated average cost to society was US$3,445.45 during the first year. The total average cost per victim was US$4,941.77, resulting in a total economic cost of US$1,119,761,632.53 during 2012. The study's findings highlight the need to design and implement more rigorous and efficient public polices to control and prevent road traffic injuries in Mexico

Palavras-chave : Disabled Persons; Accident Consequences; Traffic Accidents; Cost of Illness.

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