SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.32 issue5In the choice between health and money, health comes first: an analysis of happiness among rural Chilean elderlyWhy reconsider the recommendation of breast cancer screening? author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Cadernos de Saúde Pública

Print version ISSN 0102-311XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4464


GONCALVES, Valéria Freire et al. Incentives and barriers to HIV testing in men who have sex with men in a metropolitan area in Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2016, vol.32, n.5, e00049015.  Epub May 31, 2016. ISSN 1678-4464.

This study aimed to identify incentives and barriers to HIV testing in men who have sex with men (MSM). This was a cross-sectional study of MSM who had lived at least three months in greater metropolitan Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil, 2010. The study recruited 391 men ≥ 18 years of age who reported sexual relations with men in the previous six months, using Respondent Driven Sampling. Personal network and socio-demographic data were collected and HIV testing was offered, analyzed with RDSAT 6.0 and Stata 11.0. The majority were young (40.3%), had 5 to 11 years of schooling (57.3%), were single (85.1%), had low income (37.6%), and 58.1% had tested for HIV some time in life. Incentive to test: certainty of not being infected (34.1%) and the exposure to national campaign Fique Sabendo [Know your Status] (34%). Barriers: trust in partner(s) (21%) and fear of discrimination if tested positive (20.3%). Policies should be developed to ensure test confidentiality and communication campaigns focusing on information gaps and encouragement for testing.

Keywords : HIV; Anonymous Testing; Male Homosexuality; Sexual Behavior.

        · abstract in Portuguese | Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )