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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1678-4464

Abstract

ESTRADA-RESTREPO, Alejandro; RESTREPO-MESA, Sandra Lucía; FERIA, Natalia Del Carmen Ceballos  and  SANTANDER, Francisco Mardones. Maternal factors associated with birth weight in term infants, Colombia, 2002-2011. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2016, vol.32, n.11, e00133215.  Epub Dec 08, 2016. ISSN 1678-4464.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00133215.

The study aimed to identify maternal factors associated with birth weight in Colombia from 2002 to 2011. This was a descriptive study based on data from the Live Birth Registry of Colombia, Administrative Department of Vital Statistics. Birth weight was classified as low birth weight < 2,500g, insufficient birth weight 2,500-2,999g, normal birth weight 3,000-3,999g, and high birth weight ≥ 4,000g. Data analysis used Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and multinomial logistic regression. Women with increased likelihood of low birth weight newborns were 35 years or older (OR = 1.4; 95%CI: 1.39-1.4), had little schooling (OR = 1.1; 95%CI: 1.1-1.1), were single (OR = 1.1; 95%CI: 1.1-1.2), without prenatal care (OR = 1.9; 95%CI: 1.9-2.0), and lived in rural areas (OR = 1.2; 95%CI: 1.1-1.2). Women with higher prevalence of high birth weight newborns were 35 years or older (OR = 1.1; 95%CI: 1.1-1.1) and had four or more children (OR = 2.1; 95%CI 2.0-2.1). Insufficient birth weight showed a similar pattern to low birth weight. In conclusion, social, demographic, and maternal factors influence the birth weight of newborns in Colombia.

Keywords : Birth Weight; Newborn Infant; Nutrition.

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