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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1678-4464

Abstract

RIQUINHO, Deise Lisboa  and  HENNINGTON, Élida Azevedo. Integrated tobacco production: health, labor, and working conditions of tobacco farmers in Southern Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2016, vol.32, n.12, e00072415.  Epub Dec 22, 2016. ISSN 1678-4464.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00072415.

This study aimed to analyze the tobacco farming and marketing process in an integrated system and tobacco farmers' living and working conditions in Southern Brazil. A qualitative study was conducted from December 2010 to August 2011, with 31 semi-structured interviews with tobacco farmers and key informants, besides participant observation. The principal analytical reference was the ergological perspective. The integrated system allows the tobacco industry to control the amounts paid and the tobacco's quality. Tobacco growing features high cost of inputs, farmers' indebtedness, insufficient crop insurance, and intensive use of family labor. Accident and disease risks were associated with work in tobacco farming. According to the dynamic three-pole model proposed by ergology, dealing with these problems requires confronting the workers' knowledge with technical and scientific knowledge, linked with ethical and social responsibility.

Keywords : Tobacco; Rural Workers; Occupational Health; Working Conditions.

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