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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão On-line ISSN 1678-4464

Resumo

BARCELOS, Raquel Siqueira et al. Falls, cuts and burns in children 0-4 years of age: 2004 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.2, e00139115.  Epub 09-Mar-2017. ISSN 1678-4464.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00139115.

Knowledge on the incidence of childhood accidents according to the child's stage of development is important for designing preventive programs targeting each age bracket. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of falls, cuts, and burns in children up to four years of age according to family economic status and maternal age and schooling, in children from the 2004 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort. We calculated the incidence rates and incidence rates ratios for the 0-12, 12-24, and 24-48- months of age. Falls were the most frequently reported accidents in all the age brackets, followed by cuts and burns. Boys suffered more falls and cuts than girls in the first two years of life. In the second year of life, the incidence of falls and burns practically tripled, while cuts nearly doubled when compared to the first year, in both sexes. Burns were equally frequent in girls and boys in all three age brackets. The incidence of falls and cuts was higher in boys. In both sexes, having an adolescent mother was associated with falls and cuts in all three age brackets; low maternal schooling was associated with burns and cuts at 48 months; and low family socioeconomic status was associated with falls and cuts at 48 months.

Palavras-chave : Accidents; Accidental Falls; Burns; Penetrating Wounds; Child.

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