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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1678-4464

Abstract

GARCIA-JORDAN, Noris et al. Seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in the rural population of Sucre State, Venezuela. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.10, e00050216.  Epub Oct 26, 2017. ISSN 1678-4464.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00050216.

The current study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Sucre State, Venezuela, and its association with epidemiological risk factors. The cluster sampling design allowed selecting 96 villages and 576 dwellings in the State’s 15 municipalities. A total of 2,212 serum samples were analyzed by ELISA, HAI, and IFI. Seroprevalence in Sucre State was 3.12%. Risk factors associated with T. cruzi infection were: accumulated garbage, flooring and wall materials, type of dwelling, living in a house with wattle and daub walls and/or straw roofing, living in a house with risky walls and roofing, risky buildings and wattle and daub outbuildings, poultry inside the human dwelling, and presence of firewood. Infection was associated with individual age, and three seropositive cases were found in individuals less than 15 years of age. Sucre State has epidemiological factors that favor the risk of acquiring T. cruzi infection.

Keywords : Chagas Disease; Trypanosoma cruzi; Rural Population.

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