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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-4464

Resumo

SILVA, Érika Barbosa de Oliveira; PEREIRA, Adriana Lenho de Figueiredo  e  PENNA, Lúcia Helena Garcia. Gender stereotypes in psychosocial care for female crack and powder cocaine users. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.5, e00110317.  Epub 10-Maio-2018. ISSN 0102-311X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00110317.

The study analyzed health professionals’ conceptions toward female users of crack and powder cocaine currently receiving psychosocial care, based on a gender perspective. Seventeen health professionals were interviewed, and systematic observations were made of the spaces for collective care in a Center for Psychosocial Care specializing in alcohol and drug addiction in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Analysis of the interviews and field diaries using the hermeneutic-dialectic method revealed three categories: frailty as a constitutive attribute of women’s condition, the women’s emotional addiction to crack and powder cocaine use, and gender stereotypes during psychosocial care. The health professionals voiced a traditional view of the heterosexual, docile, and maternal woman and reproduced stereotypical concepts when addressing female crack and cocaine users as sensitive, frail individuals, emotionally dependent on men and more involved in the home and family. These professionals need a more refined understanding of gender issues in the mental health-disease process in order to allow overcoming preconceived notions and reductionist health care practices.

Palavras-chave : Cocaine Crack; Drug Users; Gender and Health; Women’s Health.

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