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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-4464

Resumo

MAGNO, Laio; DOURADO, Inês  e  SILVA, Luis Augusto Vasconcelos da. Stigma and resistance among travestis and transsexual women in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.5, e00135917.  Epub 28-Maio-2018. ISSN 0102-311X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00135917.

This was a qualitative study based on an analysis of narratives produced by travestis and transsexual women in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil, with the aim of analyzing their experiences with stigmatization by describing events, actors, and contexts that have marked their life stories, as well as elucidating the relationship between stigma and their female performances. The narratives came from 19 in-depth interviews during an epidemiological survey, based on a prior script that explored the production of narratives on lifestyles and experiences of travestis and transsexual women in the city of Salvador. The life stories that emerged in the field were transcribed and analyzed from a theoretical and narrative perspective. The narratives of many travestis and transsexual women described an “effeminate” gender performance that had been identified since their childhood by family and community members. This performance was presented as insubordination to the power established by heteronormative society’s legal system. The process of stigmatization begins to operate when social expectations concerning the coherence between “biological sex” and “gender performance” are frustrated in social interactions, submitting the individuals to discrimination and violence. Thus, stigmatization is operated through the power exercised over bodies by the laws of compulsory heterosexuality. However, during the life stories of travestis and transsexual women, strategies of resistance to stigma are produced, with the potential to transform this situation.

Palavras-chave : Exposure to Violence; Social Stigma; Gender Identity; Transgender Persons.

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