Acta Botanica Brasilica
Print version ISSN 0102-3306
SANTELLI, Paulo; CALBO, Maria Elisa Ribeiro and CALBO, Adonai Gimenez. Post-harvest physiology of palm fruits of Syagrus oleracea (Mart.) Becc. (Arecaceae). Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2006, vol.20, n.3, pp. 523-528. ISSN 0102-3306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062006000300003.
Several aspects of post-harvest changes in fruits of a native palm species from the Central Plateau in mid-western Brazil were studied. Fruits of Syagrus oleracea (Mart.) Becc., commonly known as "gueroba", were evaluated regarding aspects such as: weight loss, internal gaseous volume, internal concentration of CO2 and O2, firmness, chilling injury and CO2 and ethylene evolution. Fruits of S. oleracea are sensitive to chilling injury when stored at low temperatures such as 8 ºC where they failed to ripen after storage. The occurrence of a simultaneous climateric peak for CO2 and ethylene plus the internal CO2 and O2 concentration patterns are strong evidence that this is a climateric fruit. The gaseous intercellular volumes obtained for S. oleracea fruits place them together with other organs that have medium quantity of these volumes, which means that this fruit may have medium susceptibility to impact injury and medium susceptibility to injury by compression.
Keywords : chilling injury; climateric; internal atmosphere; ripening.