Acta Botanica Brasilica
Print version ISSN 0102-3306
HANAZAKI, Natalia; SOUZA, Vinícius Castro and RODRIGUES, Ricardo Ribeiro. Ethnobotany of rural people from the boundaries of Carlos Botelho State Park, São Paulo State, Brazil. Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2006, vol.20, n.4, pp. 899-909. ISSN 0102-3306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062006000400014.
In this article we describe and analyze the use of plant resources in a region nearby a conservation area. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, in which we asked the interviewees to free list the plants known. Species cited were identified through collection of botanical samples, and field observations. Fifty-eight inhabitants were interviewed; banana farming, cattle ranching, and extracting palm hearts are their main economic activities. A total of 248 ethnospecies were mentioned, including over 200 botanical species. Plants were grouped into four habitats (A = well-preserved forest; B = disturbed forest in old successional stages; C = recently disturbed environments; D = cultivated areas and home gardens). Highest diversity is known for plants from A habitats, followed by C+D, and finally by B areas; however, a higher number of species is expected in B areas when compared to C+D. There is a small number of common species, and comparable proportions of intermediate and rare species, for all habitats. Common species occur in all types of habitats. Local knowledge of plants from well-preserved habitats is more diverse than for plants from other areas, suggesting that the relationship between inhabitants and the conservation area is still intense.
Keywords : Atlantic forest; diversity; ethnobotany; traditional ecological knowledge; disturbed areas.