Acta Botanica Brasilica
Print version ISSN 0102-3306
ALVES, Ruy José Válka; CARDIN, Leonora and KROPF, Marcela Stuker. Angiosperm disjunction "Campos rupestres - restingas": a re-evaluation. Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2007, vol.21, n.3, pp. 675-685. ISSN 0102-3306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062007000300014.
A disjunct distribution pattern between the extrazonal formations of the campos rupestres (rocky grasslands) in the Espinhaço mountain range and the restingas (coastal strand vegetation) in Brazil has been proposed repeatedly for several flowering-plant species. In order to validate this distribution pattern, available data from the literature and major herbaria were compiled and evaluated. Some of these species also occur in campos rupestres on mountain ranges in Goiás state, campos de altitude (high altitude grasslands) of the Serra do Mar, and on geologically homologous rocky formations of the Guyana shield. Species that were also recorded for distinct zonal formations like cerrado, caatinga and forests were excluded from the pattern. The campo rupestre-restinga disjunction proved valid for 9 of 56 investigated species (16%). Explanations put forth by different authors for this unusual disjunction pattern are compared in the light of geological and climatological evidence.
Keywords : disjunction; campo rupestre; restinga; phytogeography; floristics.