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Acta Botanica Brasilica
versão impressa ISSN 0102-3306
DINIZ, Patrícia Fabian de Araújo et al. Growth, biophysical parameters and anatomical aspects of young rubber tree plants inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Glomus clarum. Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2010, vol.24, n.1, pp.65-72. ISSN 0102-3306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062010000100007.
Mycorrhizal fungi are beneficial when associated with plants because they favor growth and develop. Although infrequent, artificial inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) has become an alternative to reduce the use of fertilizers and pesticides in crops, as well as for the formation of seedlings, to obtain precocious and well fed rootstocks. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of inoculation of AMF Glomus clarum on growth and biophysical and anatomical characteristics of young rubber trees. The treatments consist of plants inoculated with the fungus Glomus clarum and fertilized with 50 ppm of phosphorus (mic+50P), non-inoculated plants fertilized with 50 ppm of phosphorus (s/mic+50P) and non-inoculated plants fertilized with 500 ppm of phosphorus (s/mic+500P). The mycorrhizal plants showed height and stem diameter, dry matter accumulation of the aerial part, stomatal density and leaf area similar to the plants s/mic+500P. Greater accumulation of dry matter in the roots, higher transpiration rate, less stomatal resistance and lower leaf temperature were reported for the mycorrhizal plants. The anatomical analyses of the roots showed alterations in the vascular tissue, with increase in the number of xylem poles in the mycorrhizal plant roots.
Palavras-chave : Hevea brasiliensis; mycorrhizal; rootstocks; stomatal resistance.