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Acta Botanica Brasilica
Print version ISSN 0102-3306
SOUZA, Flaviana Maluf; GANDOLFI, Sergius; PEREZ, Sonia Cristina Juliano Gualtieri de Andrade and RODRIGUES, Ricardo Ribeiro. Allelopathic potential of bark and leaves of Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. (Rutaceae). Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2010, vol.24, n.1, pp. 169-174. ISSN 0102-3306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062010000100016.
We investigated the inhibitory potential of aqueous extracts of bark and leaves of Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. on lettuce germination and early seedling growth. We compared the effects of four concentrations (100, 75, 50 and 25%) of each extract to water and polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000) solution controls for four replicates of 50 seeds for germination and four replicates of ten seedlings for seedling growth. The inhibitory effects of E. leiocarpa extracts on the percentage of germination and on the germination speed seemed to be more than simply an osmotic effect, except for the percentage of seeds germinated in bark extracts. When compared to water control, both bark and leaf extracts delayed germination, and leaf extracts also affected the percentage of germinated seeds. Leaf extracts of all concentrations strongly inhibited the development of seedlings and caused them some degree of abnormality; bark extracts also caused abnormalities and reduced seedling growth. Root development was more sensitive to the extracts than hypocotyl growth. The negative effects of leaf extracts on germination and seedling growth were more pronounced than those of bark extracts, and the overall effects of both extracts were positively correlated with extract concentrations.
Keywords : allelopathy; germination; growth; inhibition; plant-plant interaction.