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Acta Botanica Brasilica
Print version ISSN 0102-3306
NOBREGA, Nadejda de Azevedo et al. Production of phenolic compounds from immobilized cells of the lichen Pamotrema andinum (Müll. Arg.) Hale and evaluation of antimicrobial activity). Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.1, pp.101-107. ISSN 0102-3306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062012000100012.
Hale and evaluation of antimicrobial activity). Secondary metabolites obtained from lichens should be carefully used by the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, textile and food industries because the extraction and isolation of these metabolites requires large amounts of biomass, which is not renewable due to how slow lichens grow. Nowadays, it is possible to obtain these substances either by tissue culture or cell and enzymatic immobilizations, from an in natura thallus, using a small amount of lichenous material. Therefore, this work aimed to investigate the production of phenolic compounds from Parmotrema andinum (Müll. Arg.) Hale immobilized cells, using sodium acetate as a precursor in the biosynthesis of phenols. Testing of antimicrobial activity with organic extracts of the in natura thallus, cell eluate and lecanoric acid isolated from P. andinum Hale showed antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Through biochromatographic assays, it was possible to associate the antibacterial activity to the lecanoric acid and to another unidentified substance. The substances produced by cell immobilization did not exhibit any inhibitory action against tested microorganisms.
Keywords : lecanoric acid; antibacterial activity; cell immobilization.