Acta Botanica Brasilica
Print version ISSN 0102-3306
On-line version ISSN 1677-941X
BARBOSA, David Ítallo; BEZERRA, Andrea Carla Caldas; LIMA, Vitor Xavier de and CAVALCANTI, Laise de Holanda. Corticolous myxobiota of the Pernambuco Center of Endemism, Brazil. Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2016, vol.30, n.4, pp.549-559. Epub Oct 27, 2016. ISSN 0102-3306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-33062016abb0209.
Situated within the Atlantic Forest domain, the Centro de Endemismo Pernambuco (Pernambuco Center of Endemism) - CEPE is regarded as a priority for biodiversity conservation worldwide. Covering an area of approximately 56,000 km2, it encompasses part of the states of Alagoas, Pernambuco, Paraíba and Rio Grande do Norte in northeastern Brazil. Here we present an identification key to 73 species of Myxomycetes that compose the known corticolous myxobiota of the Dense Ombrofilous Lowland Forest, Semideciduous Lowland Forest, Restinga Forest and Mangrove environments of CEPE. Specimens included here were found developed in natural conditions in the field or obtained through moist chamber culture. Among the species found, Arcyria cinerea, Clastoderma debaryanum, Cribraria confusa, C. violacea and Echinostelium minutum were the most common; and Comatricha longipila, Licea pedicellata, Paradiachaeopsis longipes, Perichaena calongei and Stemonaria fuscoides were the most rare. Our data indicates that the species richness of corticolous myxomycetes in rainforests is lower than that of temperate forests. These same data also suggest that taxonomic diversity (mean number of species per genus) is similar to, or higher than, that found in temperate regions of the world.
Keywords : Atlantic Forest; biodiversity; microhabitat; Myxogastria; Myxomycetes.