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Acta Botanica Brasilica
Print version ISSN 0102-3306On-line version ISSN 1677-941X
CARVALHO, Jordano Dorval Tavares de; ESSI, Liliana and OLIVEIRA, João Marcelo Santos de. Flower and floral trichome morphology of species of Dyckia Schult. f. (Bromeliaceae, Pitcairnioideae), and their importance to species characterization and genus taxonomy. Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2017, vol.31, n.1, pp.29-41. Epub Jan 30, 2017. ISSN 0102-3306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-33062016abb0335.
This paper presents a morphological analysis of the flower and floral trichomes of three rare species of Dyckia: Dyckia ibicuiensis, D. polyclada and D. racinae. Flowers at anthesis were collected from natural populations and subjected to morphometric and microscopic analysis. Among the most representative features for Dyckia are: morphometrics of individual floral parts; the general configuration of the androecium and gynoecium; the degree of fusion of the stigmatic lobes; the morphology of the ovules, especially in relation to the chalazal appendix; and the presence and constitution of peltate trichomes in the perianth, which exhibited a polymorphism not previously reported for Dyckia. The characters were effective at describing each species, proposing phylogenetic inferences and recognizing infrageneric groupings. We propose two species groups, which are consistent with previous hypotheses about the relationships among the species of the genus. The objective of this study was to provide floral morphological data useful for characterizing these three rare species, delimiting the genus and forming phylogenetic hypotheses.
Keywords : androecium; Dyckia; Encholirium; floral morphology; gynoecium; peltate trichome; perianth; Pitcairnioideae.