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Acta Botanica Brasilica

Print version ISSN 0102-3306On-line version ISSN 1677-941X

Abstract

MARQUES, Danilo; FRANCA, Rafael de Oliveira; DEMATTEIS, Massimiliano  and  MARZINEK, Juliana. Fruit of Lepidaploa (Cass.) Cass. (Vernonieae, Asteraceae): anatomy and taxonomic implications. Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.4, pp.642-655.  Epub July 30, 2018. ISSN 0102-3306.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-33062018abb0174.

Lepidaploa is a taxonomically complex genus of Vernonieae, which is difficult to delimit morphologically due to vegetative and reproductive characters that overlap with Chrysolaena and Lessingianthus. Anatomical studies of cypselae are taxonomically useful for delimiting subtribes, genera and species of Asteraceae, and especially within Astereae and Eupatorieae. Given the importance of cypselae to the taxonomy of tribes of Asteraceae, we searched for morphological patterns among the species of Lepidaploa. Using light microscopy, we analyzed fruits of 21 species of Lepidaploa to evaluate the taxonomic position of the genus and species of questionable placement in the group. Our results showed that the morphologies of the cypselae of species of Lepidaploa are homogeneous and similar to other species of Vernonieae. However, pappus vascularization and the number of mesocarp layers could be useful for differentiating the sister groups Chrysolaena, Lepidaploa and Lessingianthus, which present similar macro- and micro-morphological, palynological and chromosomal characters. Also, the presence of glandular trichomes and idioblasts in the cypsela, and lignified cells in the carpopodium exocarp, can be used to separate closely related species.

Keywords : carpopodium; Compositae; cypsela; floral disk; pappus; Vernonia.

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