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Jornal de Pneumologia

versão impressa ISSN 0102-3586versão On-line ISSN 1678-4642

Resumo

RODRIGUES, SÉRGIO LEITE; VIEGAS, CARLOS ALBERTO DE ASSIS  e  LIMA, TEREZINHA. The effectiveness of the pulmonary rehabilitation program as an ancillary treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J. Pneumologia [online]. 2002, vol.28, n.2, pp.65-70. ISSN 0102-3586.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-35862002000200002.

Introduction: The patient with COPD has his global physical activity decreased due to a progressive worsening of the lung function resultant from any kind of physical effort he may perform. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is used in the United States and Europe as an alternative therapy in COPD treatment. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of PR as an ancillary treatment for COPD. Patients and methods: 30 patients prospectively submitted to the PR program developed in six weeks with three weekly sessions. Evaluation included clinical history and complete physical examination, the six-minute walking distance test, maximum workload test for upper limbs, maximum load test for lower limbs, a questionnaire of effort perception, spirometry and analysis of blood gases. Results: Concerning spirometry and analysis of blood gases, pre and post PR program, no statistically significant change was observed (p > 0.05). Pre and post PR program, statistically significant values (p < 0.05) were observed in the decrease in effort perception and increase in functional physical capacity, maximum workload test for upper limbs and incremental test for lower limbs used to determine the maximum workload. Conclusions: The authors concluded that, in the group studied, the PR program increased the patients' physical capacity and maximum workload for upper limbs whereas no changes were observed in the data regarding spirometry and analysis of blood gases.

Palavras-chave : Rehabilitation; Therapeutical approaches; Lung diseases obstructive; Treatment outcome; Exercise therapy.

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