Jornal de Pneumologia
versão impressa ISSN 0102-3586
versão On-line ISSN 1678-4642
OLIVEIRA, MARIA ALENITA DE et al. Cost-effectiveness of an education program for asthmatic adults of a public university hospital. J. Pneumologia [online]. 2002, vol.28, n.2, pp.71-76. ISSN 0102-3586. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-35862002000200003.
The direct costs incurred in managing patients with poorly controlled asthma are high and educational programs could decrease these costs. Aim: The objectives of this study were to compare the direct cost of the implementation of an educational program for adult asthmatic patients with the cost of the usual care delivered to asthmatics by specialists. Methods: Five years ago, a six-month study demonstrated that an educational program improved clinical outcomes (22 in educational program-E and 20 patients in control group-C). Throughout the educational intervention period all cases of hospitalization, emergency and regular calls involving patients from both groups were recorded. The basis for the values utilized in the calculation of costs was the healthcare database of the Brazilian government (DATASUS). The overall medication cost/patient in both groups was based on the amount of medication taken during the month preceding the last call. The final values were converted into US dollars. Results: The mean direct cost/patient in the educational (E) and control (C) groups and the difference (D) between groups were: hospitalizations (C = US$ 183, E = 0, D = US$ 183); emergency calls (C = US$ 14,E = US$ 5, D = US$ 9); regular calls (C = US$ 10, E = US$ 24, D = -US$ 14); medication (C = US$ 124,3, E = US$ 195,6, D = -US$ 71,3). The total cost was US$ 33/patient in group C and US$ 224/patient in group E with an average cost saving of US$ 107/patient. Conclusion: The expenses with medication is higher in E group because the regular use of maintenance drugs, however the study suggested that the application of the asthma education program reduced the total direct costs of asthma.
Palavras-chave : Asthma; Cost-benefit; Patient education.