Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
versión impresa ISSN 0102-3616
ALBANO, Mauro Batista et al. Mcroscopic analyses of the effects of hyaluronates and corticosteroids on induced osteoarthritis in rabbits' knees. Rev. bras. ortop. [online]. 2010, vol.45, n.3, pp. 273-278. ISSN 0102-3616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-36162010000300009.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intraarticular injections of corticosteroids, native hyaluronic acid and branched-chain hyaluronic acid in experimentally-induced osteoarthrosis. METHODS: 44 rabbits underwent anterior cruciate ligament resection and were subsequently divided into four groups, composed of eleven subjects each. Group 1: rabbits received weekly intraarticular injections of saline over a period of four weeks; Group 2: the animals received three weekly intraarticular injections of native hyaluronic acid; Group 3: rabbits in this group received three weekly intraarticular injections of branched-chain hyaluronic acid; Group 4: two injections of betamethasone over a period of three weeks. A macroscopic study of the cartilage of the tibial plateaus was performed twelve weeks after surgery and changes in the joint surface were graded accordingly: Grade 0: smooth joint surface without relief changes; Grade 1: rough surface without any depression; Grade 2: similar to grade 1, but with depressions on the joint surface and Grade 3: subchondral bone exposure. Statistical analysis was performed with the use of Student's T test, chi-square test and analysis of variance (ANOVA), with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: A statistical difference was found between the control group and the three study groups (2, 3 and 4) in both the development and severity of arthrosis. However, there was no difference in outcome among the three different drugs. CONCLUSION: A similar degree of attenuation of the osteoarthrosis process in rabbits' knees was found in all three study groups (low-molecular-weight glycosaminoglycans, high-molecular-weight glycosaminoglycans and betamethasone) when compared to placebo.
Palabras llave : Hyaluronic acid; Anterior cruciate ligament; Osteoarthritis; Knee; Rabbits.