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Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Print version ISSN 0102-3616
LABRONICI, Pedro José et al. Localization of the tibial entry point. Rev. bras. ortop. [online]. 2010, vol.45, n.4, pp. 375-381. ISSN 0102-3616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-36162010000400006.
OBJETIVE: To assess, through a questionnaire, the intramedullary nail entry point in the proximal aspect of the tibia. Me-thods: 230 attendees who treat tibial fractures were interviewed. The questionnaire was created with three sections that could be answered with "Yes" or "No" answers and a fourth section that had two figures representing anteroposterior (AP) and lateral view x-rays that could be answered with a format "A, "B" or "C". RESULTS: The most frequent reason was "ease of access" (67.8%), followed by the "better nail insertion access" (60.9%) and the third one was "to prevent knee pain" (27.4%). Reasons for choosing access so as "to prevent knee pain" and "prevent tendinitis" had a significant relationship with points "A" and "C" of the schematic figure in the AP x-ray, especially "C" (medial tibial crest). No significant difference was observed between types of access to the patellar ligament in the schematic figure of the AP and lateral x-ray among age groups. CONCLUSION: The greater the age, the larger the proportion choosing the question "avoid valgus deformity." Reasons from a medical (practical) perspective were related to the type of access in the transpatellar ligament, while reasons from a patient (functional) perspective were related to medial parapatellar access. Transpatellar access was chosen by most participants (66.5%).
Keywords : Fracture fixation, Intramedullary; Tibial fractures; Patellar ligament.