Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Print version ISSN 0102-3616
BORTOLETTO, Adalberto; RODRIGUES, Luiz Cláudio Lacerda and MATSUMOTO, Marcelo Hide. Pathological fracture of lumbar vertebra in children with acute neurological deficit: case report. Rev. bras. ortop. [online]. 2011, vol.46, n.3, pp. 315-317. ISSN 0102-3616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-36162011000300015.
This study reports on a case of lymphoma in a 13-year-old patient who came to a consultation with lumbar pain. The patient had suffered low-intensity trauma in the lumbar region that resulted in persistent pain of progressive nature. In an emergency evaluation, radiographic examination showed a spinal fracture. The patient was then sent to the specialist outpatient clinic of the same hospital. The initial examinations confirmed the diagnosis of a pathological fracture surrounded by a tissue mass, thus indicating the presence of a tumor. Subsequently, the patient evolved with lower-limb paresthesia and urine retention, without any pathological diagnosis for the lesion. The patient then underwent emergency surgery to achieve stabilization and neurological decompression, and material from the lesion was sent for anatomopathological examination. The result from the anatomopathological examination suggested that the lesion was a small-cell tumor, although leaving some doubt. Immunohistochemistry defined the diagnosis of lymphoma. The patient was then sent for oncological treatment. The aim of this study was to report on a rare case of lymphoma in a child with an initial diagnosis of a pathological fracture in the lumbar spine. It is important to investigate fractures associated with mild trauma in children. Precise diagnosis results in effective attendance with better results for these patients. This patient underwent chemotherapy and achieved a good response, with positive repercussions for his prognosis.
Keywords : Spinal fractures; diagnosis; Spine; Neoplasm Metastasis; Lymphoma; therapy.