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Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Print version ISSN 0102-3616
CATENA, Fernanda et al. Clinical study of untreated hip in spastic tetraparesis. Rev. bras. ortop. [online]. 2011, vol.46, suppl.4, pp. 21-26. ISSN 0102-3616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-36162011001000005.
Objective: To evaluate CP patients considering the hip joint and analyzing the relation between severity, age and scoliosis. Methods: A transversal descriptive study was performed in 40 patients (1 to 17 y.o.), 21 (52,5%) female and 19 (47,5%) male from Cruz Verde Association; 19 (47,5%) had history of prematurity; 26 (65,0%) with anoxia; meningitis in 4 (10%), hydrocephalus in 10(25,0%); microcephalus in 15 (37,5%). From the total 38 (95,0%) presented spasticity, 1 (2,5%) athetoid and 1 (2,5%) mixed. According to topographic classification 28 (70,0%) presented tetraparesis and 12 (30,0%) double hemiparesis. All of them are non-ambulators and 38 (95,0%) were classified as GFMCS V and 2 (5,0%) were level IV. The patients were divided in two groups (with or without indications for hip surgical treatment). The hips were analysed by Thomas, abduction, and Nelaton-Galeazzi tests. The scoliosis was clinically analysed considering trunk symmetry and dorsal hump. Results: We observed positive correlation between the patients’ scoliosis and hip flexion contracture. There was no difference between the patients’ age and and hip flexion contracture. There was no difference between topographic types and hip contractures. Conclusions: We did not find positive correlation between patients’ age and hip contractures; patients with scoliosis present worse hip abduction compromise.
Keywords : Hip; Cerebral Palsy; Contracture; Scoliosis.