Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
versão impressa ISSN 0102-3616
MIYAZAKI, Alberto Naoki et al. Assessment of the results from arthroscopic surgical treatment for traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation: first episode. Rev. bras. ortop. [online]. 2012, vol.47, n.2, pp. 222-227. ISSN 0102-3616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-36162012000200013.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical results obtained of patients who underwent arthroscopic surgical treatment following a first episode of traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation. METHODS: Between August 2000 and October 2008, 14 shoulders of 14 patients were treated by the Shoulder and Elbow Group of Santa Casa Hospital, São Paulo. Thirteen patients (93%) were male and one (7%) was female; their ages ranged from 17 to 41 years, with a mean of 28 years. All of the patients evaluated were regularly practicing a sports activity (which required physical vigor of the upper limbs). The time that had elapsed between the trauma and the surgical treatment ranged from seven to 60 days, with a mean of 20 days. The surgical procedure was performed with arthroscopic viewing, with the patient positioned in lateral decubitus. Fixation of the labral-ligamentous complex was achieved using bioabsorbable anchors. The postoperative clinical assessment was made using Rowe and UCLA criteria. Joint mobility was measured according to the guidance from ASES (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons). The length of postoperative follow-up ranged from 24 to 120 months, with a mean of 45 months. RESULTS: All the patients achieved satisfactory results, (85% excellent and 15% good), as shown by by UCLA, while 100% of the results were excellent according Rowe. The "grip test" was negative for all the patients. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment after a first episode of traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation seems to be a good therapeutic option for young active patients who practice sports activities.
Palavras-chave : Shoulder Joint; Shoulder Dislocation; Arthroscopy; Joint Instability.