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Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa

Print version ISSN 0102-3772

Abstract

ENGELMANN, Arno. Gestalt psychology and empirical contemporaneous science. Psic.: Teor. e Pesq. [online]. 2002, vol.18, n.1, pp. 1-16. ISSN 0102-3772.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-37722002000100002.

Although there has passed ninety years since Wertheimer's first thought to demonstrate through Gestalt explanation experimental psychology problems, the Gestalt holistic approach continues now-a-days strongly in light. In looking at the world, the Gestalten is the first happening. Then, through divisions, parts can be formed. But these parts are always parts from a formative Gestalt and not basic elements. The Gestalt approach is not exclusively psychological but rather largely empirical, as mainly Wertheimer, Köhler and Koffka have demonstrated. The beginning was a motion visual experiment in which the stimuli were static. Later Gestalt problems could be physical electric charge structure in conductors, on one side, or a sociological super-psychological Gestalt composed of dancing couples and to musicians playing a samba, on the other side.

Keywords : Gestalt psychology; gestalt theory; epistemology; history of psychology; general system theory.

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