Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa
Print version ISSN 0102-3772
GUIMARAES, Sueli Édi Rufini; BZUNECK, José Aloyseo and BORUCHOVITCH, Evely. Teachers' motivational styles: psychometric characteristics of assessment instrument. Psic.: Teor. e Pesq. [online]. 2003, vol.19, n.1, pp. 17-24. ISSN 0102-3772. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-37722003000100004.
The purpose of this study was to conduct an exploratory factorial analysis of Problems in School, a teachers' motivational styles evaluation instrument, constructed by Deci et al. The original instrument is in a Likert-scale format with the underlying assumption of the existence of a continuum of four different styles contributing to promote students' autonomy. Translated into portuguese, the instrument was applied to 582 elementary and junior high school teachers from several regions of Brazil. Factorial analyses revealed a solution with four orthogonal distinct factors, the authors' initial supposition (existence of a continuum) was not confirmed. In fact, only two opposite styles (both high promotion of autonomy and of control) corresponded to the Deci et al. original ideas. Problems regarding the validity of the other remaining styles emerged. Data was discussed and a revised version of the scale was developed. Directions for further research were also suggested.
Keywords : autonomy support; motivational styles assessment; intrinsic motivation; motivation and teaching.