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Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa

Print version ISSN 0102-3772On-line version ISSN 1806-3446


MELO, Gislane Ferreira de; GIAVONI, Adriana  and  TROCCOLI, Bartholomeu Torres. Gender stereotypes applied in female athletes. Psic.: Teor. e Pesq. [online]. 2004, vol.20, n.3, pp.251-256. ISSN 0102-3772.

The purpose of this article was to evaluate if the sport characteristics and athlete biotype promote sex stereotypes applications. Three groups with different sport involvement were analyzed: a) group 1 - compounded by athletes, b) group 2 - compounded by Physical Educators (students and teachers) and c) group 3 - compounded by sedentary people. The Self-Concept Gender Schemas Inventory (IEGA) was used to evaluate the sample. One Way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) were performed among "groups" (independent variable) and masculine and feminine factors (dependent variables) of the instrument. The results showed that there were no differences among groups in masculine factors, but there were in feminine factors Sensuality and Responsibility. The sedentary people perceived female athletes as having fewer feminine characteristics than the other groups did. These results confirm the hypothesis that sport characteristics and athlete biotype promote sex stereotypes applications.

Keywords : stereotype; masculinity; femininity; sports.

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