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Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa
On-line version ISSN 1806-3446
SEIDL, Eliane Maria Fleury and TROCCOLI, Bartholomeu T.. Development of a scale for the social support evaluation in HIV/Aids. Psic.: Teor. e Pesq. [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.3, pp.317-326. ISSN 1806-3446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-37722006000300008.
This study investigated the factorial structure and the psychometric properties of The Social Support Scale for People with HIV/Aids based on items from a canadian scale for evaluation of the social support for people living with HIV/aids, on initiatives of brazilian researchers and on the revision of the literature about the social support construct. The validation sample was composed of 241 HIV positive individuals (66.8% males), with ages between 20 and 64 years old (M =37.4 years). The exploratory factorial analysis using the principal axis extraction method and oblique rotation revealed two first order factors: emotional social support (12 items, a=0.92) and instrumental social support (12 items, a=0.84). A second order factor was also identified with all 24 original items, with good psychometric indicators (a=0.87). The factorial structure found corresponded to what is expected from an instrument aimed at measuring the major social support dimensions of people who are HIV positive.
Keywords : social support; factorial analysis; HIV [Aids].