Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa
Print version ISSN 0102-3772
MOURA, Maira Santos Marinho et al. Stress in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. Psic.: Teor. e Pesq. [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.3, pp. 485-492. ISSN 0102-3772. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-37722010000300011.
Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG) is an important cause of blindness worldwide. This paper aimed to investigate: (a) the presence and type of stress; (b) the relationship between the number of eye-drops and stress; (c) perceptions regarding glaucoma and its treatment. In a transversal and quantitative study, we assessed 102 patients from the Ophthalmology Clinic of the HC-FMUSP by means of a thematic interview and the Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory (LSSI). Most of the patients were stressed (65,7%) and there was no correlation between stress and the number of eye-drops. "Time of treatment", "difficulties in daily life" and "difficulties to instillate the drops" were independently associated with stress. In conclusion, stress can negatively interfere in coping with POAG.
Keywords : stress; hospital psychology; glaucoma; adherence to treatment.