Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa
Print version ISSN 0102-3772
REIS, Joaquim C. and FRADIQUE, Fernando S.. Developmental levels in adult's conceptions of health and disease. Psic.: Teor. e Pesq. [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.3, pp. 493-504. ISSN 0102-3772. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-37722010000300012.
A socio-cognitive developmental perspective suggests that conceptions regarding health and disease processes may present different levels of openness, flexibility, inclusiveness and differentiation, and thus can be ordered into different levels. We present a qualitative study on lay significations regarding health and disease processes, endorsed by 67 adults. The results show that these adults have different socio-cognitive developmental competences related to health and disease processes. For each dimension of significations of health and disease, it is possible to sequence lay person's conceptions developmentally. Each level is distinct qualitatively, including responses characterized by a higher degree of differentiation, integration and complexity than the previous level. Finally, the implications of this approach to clinical and educational methods are discussed.
Keywords : adult's conceptions of health and disease; socio-cognitive development.