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Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa
Print version ISSN 0102-3772
SA, Daniel Graça Fatori de; BORDIN, Isabel A. Santos; MARTIN, Denise and PAULA, Cristiane S. de. Risk factors for mental health problems in childhood/adolescence. Psic.: Teor. e Pesq. [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.4, pp. 643-652. ISSN 0102-3772. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-37722010000400008.
Across-sectional study was conducted in an urban low-income community in the municipality of Embu-SP with the objective of identifying factors associated with mental health problems of children and adolescents (MHPCA) in a probabilistic sample (N=67, aged 4-17 years). Standardized instruments were applied to mothers: Child Behavior Checklist; WorldSAFE Core Questionnaire (demographics, domestic violence, father/stepfather drunkenness); Self-Report Questionnaire (maternal mental health problems and suicide ideation). The results of this study identified factors statistically related to MPHCA: child/adolescent of male gender and severe physical punishment; maternal suicide ideation and severe physical marital violence; father/stepfather drunkenness. As a result, vulnerable groups with individual/family characteristics identified in this study should have priority in prevention/treatment programs.
Keywords : mental health; risk factors; child; adolescent; cross-sectional studies.