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DELTA: Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada
On-line version ISSN 1678-460X
CAMACHO, Roberto Gomes. In defense of the middle voice category in Portuguese. DELTA [online]. 2003, vol.19, n.1, pp.91-122. ISSN 1678-460X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-44502003000100004.
Middle voice represents an inflexional category of classical Indo-European languages with the function of expressing states of affairs which affect the subject of the verb or its interests. In Portuguese there is a set of predicates, formally identified by an anaphorical but non-coreferential use of the pronoun 'se', which supports the notion of middle diathesis. This paper aims at providing formal, semantic and typological evidences in order to postulate a distinction between middle and reflexive-reciprocal constructions.
Keywords : Voice; Diathesis; Middle Voice; Reflexive-reciprocal Voice.