DELTA: Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada
Print version ISSN 0102-4450
NORMAND, Claudine. Language, speech, subject-speaker in Saussure and Benveniste. DELTA [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.1, pp. 99-119. ISSN 0102-4450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-44502011000100006.
I shall attempt to show in this paper that reading the CLG from a structural and sociological view point long has hidden the importance of speech (parole) in the «socio-historical phenomenon» of language operation. A «semiologic view point» in reading Saussure allows to stress this importance by re-introducing subject and time. Benveniste's viewpoint, preoccupied as he was with his own theory of the «double signifiance» and of the two linguistics (semiotic/semantic), re-introduces the subject in a completely different way which leads him on the one hand to a more structuralist interpretation of Saussure, and, on the other hand announcing a theory of subjectivity and discourse, to turn towards a philosophical view of language.
Keywords : language; speech; subject.