Educação em Revista
versão On-line ISSN 1982-6621
YOUNG, Michael e MULLER, Johan. Truth and truthfulness in the sociology educational knowledge. Educ. rev. [online]. 2007, n.45, pp. 159-196. ISSN 1982-6621. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-46982007000100010.
The aim of this paper is to reflect on and explore questions of truth and objectivity in the sociology of educational knowledge. It begins by reviewing the problems raised by the social constructivist approaches to knowledge associated with the "new sociology of education" of the 1970s. It suggests that they have significant parallels with the pragmatist ideas of James and Dewey that Durkheim analysed so perceptively in his lectures on pragmatism. The paper then considers Basil Bernstein's development of Durkheim's ideas. The paper argues that despite his highly original conceptual advances Bernstein remains trapped in the belief that the natural sciences remain the only model for objective knowledge. This leads us to a discussion of Ernest Cassirer's idea of symbolic forms as a more adequate basis for the sociology of knowledge. In conclusion, the paper suggests how an approach to knowledge in educational studies that draws on Cassirer's idea of "symbolic objectivity" can come to terms with the tension between the concept of truth and a commitment to "being truthful" that was left unresolved, even unaddressed, by the "new" sociology of education of the 1970s.
Palavras-chave : Truth; Knowledge; Curriculum.