Educação em Revista
Print version ISSN 0102-4698
SARAVALI, Eliane Giachetto and GUIMARAES, Taislene. Educative environments and social knowledge: a study regarding representations about school. Educ. rev. [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.1, pp. 157-184. ISSN 0102-4698. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-46982010000100008.
This article presents part of a research on the social construction of knowledge based on the Piagetian theory. The analyzed data refer to 7 and 8 year-old children ideas about school. The research participants were first grade students of two different classrooms from two different schools: one of the schools was considered traditional whereas the other was considered a model of socio-moral constructivism. The data have undergone qualitative and quantitative analysis and the students' answers were compared in order to discover possible differences in what those children think about the school environment in which they participate. The results showed that those children do not have a real understanding of the school's role, and significant differences were observed regarding the researched schools environment, specifically in terms of the reasons pointed by the research participants when they were asked to justify the existence of a school and to set which would be the main aspects of a good and a bad school. Thus, the children who were included in the traditional context considered that the existence of a school is connected with material aspects only, on the other hand, those who were included in the socio-moral constructivist context considered the need of other factors, such as people. The children involved in the constructive environment have also elected subjective aspects that, from their points of view, were related to what they considered appropriate behavior for the characterization of a good school, which did not occur with students from the traditional environment.
Keywords : Social Knowledge; Educational Settings; Ideas about School.