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FONSECA, Sérgio C.. The internalization of childhood welfare along the first republic in Brazil: from São Paulo to Ribeirão Preto. Educ. rev. [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.1, pp.79-108. ISSN 0102-4698.

The internalization, in analysis in this text refers to a region and its exponent city, Ribeirão Preto, from late nineteenth to early twentieth century, which was reformed/altered due to coffee farming, the arrival of the railroad, paid labor, immigration and the resultant increase of population, leading to it becoming urbanized. Due to these processes, the city experienced many social problems, including the abandonment of children. To respond to the abandonment of children, as well as providing medical care, and hygiene, to children and to deal with juvenile delinquency, the institutional models adopted by the city, imitated or incorporated elements of existing care practices utilized at the beginning of the First Republic, especially those established in the state capital, São Paulo. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that the Asilo Anália Franco, the Institute for Protection and Assistance of Children, and the Patronage of "Diogo Feijó" are examples of this process of child care in Ribeirão Preto.

Keywords : Internalization; Welfare; First Republic.

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