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ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (São Paulo)

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LIMA, Geraldo José de Souza et al. Transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy compared with laparoscopic and laparotomic approaches in acute appendicitis. ABCD, arq. bras. cir. dig. [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.1, pp.2-8. ISSN 0102-6720.

BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdominal surgery. Despite nearly three decades comparing laparoscopic with laparotomic appendectomy, the available scientific evidence does not show consensus of opinion about the best access for the treatment of acute appendicitis. The transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy combines the advantages of laparoscopic access to the simplicity of the laparotomic technique. AIM: To compare the three technical advantages showing possible tendency to transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy. METHODS: This is a retrospective study comparing three series with 1232 patients. Variables were: operative time, hospital stay, early and late postoperative complications, postoperative pain and earlier return to daily activities. RESULTS: The averaged surgical time was 59.8 min in laparotomic appendectomy, 75.5 min in laparoscopic appendectomy and 51,7 min in transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy with significant difference. The incidence of postoperative pain, general complications and wound infection were greater in the group submitted to laparotomic appendectomy. The earlier return to daily activities and short hospital stay were observed in groups laparoscopic appendectomy and transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy. CONCLUSION: The effectiveness and safety of transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy can make this technique the preferred choice in the initial management of patients with acute appendicitis.

Keywords : Acute appendicitis; Appendectomy; Laparoscopy; Minimally invasive surgery.

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