Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
PRESTA, Giuseppe A.; FONSECA, Adenilson S. and BERNARDO-FILHO, Mario. A Chrysobalanus icaco extract alters the plasmid topology and the effects of stannous chloride on the DNA of plasmids. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2007, vol.17, n.3, pp. 331-335. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2007000300005.
Chrysobalanus icaco (C. icaco) leaves are used in folk medicine (known as Abajeru in Brazil) to control the glycaemia in diabetic patients. Stannous chloride (SnCl2) is a powerful reducing agent used for different purposes and presents cytotoxic and genotoxic effects. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of an aqueous C. icaco extract on the plasmid DNA topology and on the effects of the stannous chloride on DNA plasmid. Plasmid pBSK was incubated with a C. icaco extract in the presence or absence of SnCl2 (200 mg/mL), after that, the agarose gel electrophoresis procedure was carried out. Plasmid incubated only SnCl2 was used as positive control and, as negative control, plasmid incubated with Tris buffer. The gels were stained with ethidium bromide, DNA bands were semiquantified by densitometry. The data showed that C. icaco extract alters the electrophoretic profile and decreases significantly (p < 0.05) the effect of SnCl2 on plasmid DNA. The results obtained in this work could indicate a dose-dependent protective action and a genotoxic effect of C. icaco extract on plasmid DNA.
Keywords : Chrysobalanus icaco; Chrysobalanaceae; plasmid DNA; stannous chloride; genotoxic effect; antioxidant.