Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
CARVALHO, Camilo Amaro de et al. Spectrometric study at different phenologic stages of the cabbage (Brassica oleraceae var. capitata). Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2008, vol.18, n.2, pp. 249-257. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2008000200020.
The cabbage (Brassica oleraceae var. capitata), plant of the genus Brassica, has been used by the Brazilian folk medicine mainly in the treatment of healing. In this work, a spectrometric study at ultraviolet-visible range allied to a phytochemical screening on different phenologic stages of Brassica sp. was developed. Aiming at obtaining a spectrometric profile of the global concentrations of the constituents in relation to the vegetative growth, ethanol, aqueous and dichloromethane extracts were studied. Hydrolysis of aqueous extracts was also performed. The results of the phytochemical prospection show a positive presence of phenolic compounds, flavonoids, triterpenes, steroids for the ethanol and aqueous extracts at stages IV and V. Analyzing the spectral profile and the reduction of the relative global concentration for each solvent and phenologic stage, reductions were obtained (stage IV until stage VII) in the order of 87%, 73% and 55% for aqueous, ethanol and dichloromethane extracts, respectively and in relation to stage IV. Therefore, the constituents concentrations were inversely proportional to the vegetative growth and can be used as useful tool to determinate the quality control of the herbal medicines.
Keywords : Brassicaceae; cabbage; UV-VIS spectrometry; phytochemistry.