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Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia

Print version ISSN 0102-695XOn-line version ISSN 1981-528X


VALTER, Janaina L. et al. Chemical variability of the essential oil of the leaves from six individuals of Duguetia furfuracea (Annonaceae). Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2008, vol.18, n.3, pp.373-378. ISSN 0102-695X.

Duguetia furfuracea, Annonaceae, a pasture weed, is also used in folk medicine in several Brazilian states. Because of the significant difference in odor between two groups of this plant in a remnant patch of savanna in Campo Grande county, Mato Grosso do Sul, six samples were selected according to the odor intensity in the leaves (In-01, In-03, and In-05: pronounced odor; In-02, In-04, and In-06: weak odor or its absence). The leaves were collected and subjected to steam distillation for extraction of essential oils, which were analyzed by GC-MS. A good agreement was found between CG/MS results and olfactory evaluation of the samples: specimens exhibiting leaf scent had a high percentage of monoterpenes and some sesquiterpenes, as follows: In-01 (β-phellandrene, 42.2%; myrcene, 6.8%; α-phellandrene, 4.6%); In-03 (terpin-4-ol, 21.6%; sabinene, 17.3%; p-cymene, 5.6%); In-05 (sabinene, 25.1%; terpin-4-ol, 16.2%; p-cymene, 8.3%). Only sesquiterpenes were found in the specimens having weakly scented or scentless leaves (main constituent bicyclogermacrene: 21.4%, 24.0%, and 29.1%, respectively, for In-02, In-04 and In-06).

Keywords : Duguetia furfuracea; Annonaceae; volatile oil.

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