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Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia

Print version ISSN 0102-695XOn-line version ISSN 1981-528X


MARTINS, Maria Bernadete Gonçalves; MARCONI, Ana Paula; CAVALHEIRO, Alberto J.  and  RODRIGUES, Selma D.. Anatomical and chemical characterization of the leaf and root system of Hydrocotyle umbellata (Apiaceae). Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2008, vol.18, n.3, pp.402-414. ISSN 0102-695X.

The Apiaceae family (Umbelliferae), also called pioneer of beaches, is capable to inhabit areas of high salinity levels. It supports the action of the winds as well as the waves. The objectives of the present work are the study of the foliar and root anatomy and its chemical constituents, in order to find biological active agents that allow pharmacological applications. The plants were collected in an environmental protected region (Área de Proteção Ambiental de Iguape, Cananéia, Peruíbe, SP). The leaves are dorsiventral, with one cellular layer epidermis, palisade parenchyma having two or three layers and lacunary parenchyma presenting eight or nine layers of cells. The leaves are amphistomatical, presenting great substomatal chambers with bigger incidence of stomata in abaxial epidermis. The vascular bundles are collateral, presenting half moon sclerenchyma form around the xylem and the phloem. Petiole shows irregular contour, involved by collenchyma in all extension and presents great amount of secretory ducts between vascular bundles. Rhizome presents irregular contour with ten to fifteen layers of cortical parenchyma cells. The central cylinder has collateral bundles delimited by the endodermis. Pericycle is sinuate and totally involves vascular bundles. Under the epidermis there is a continuous band of collenchyma. The medulla has thin wall parenchyma cells. H. umbellata presented triterpenoids, saponins, flavonoids, poliacetylenes compounds and leucoceramides. Leaves and rhizomes presented similar chemical components, with slightly differences on spectral peaks. The yield of rhizome extract was smaller than the leaves extract.

Keywords : Hydrocotyle umbellata; Apiaceae; plant anatomy; chemical constituents; restinga.

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