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Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia

Print version ISSN 0102-695XOn-line version ISSN 1981-528X

Abstract

QUINTANS JUNIOR, Lucindo J. et al. Plants with anticonvulsant properties: a review. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2008, vol.18, suppl., pp.798-819. ISSN 0102-695X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2008000500026.

Seizures are resistant to treatment with currently available anticonvulsant drugs in about 1 out of 3 patients with epilepsy. Thus, there is a need for new, more effective anticonvulsant drugs for intractable epilepsy. However, nature is a rich source of biological and chemical diversity and a number of plants in the world have been used in traditional medicine remedies, i.e., anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, analgesic, antidepressant. This work constitutes a literature review on medicinal plants showing anticonvulsant properties. The review refers to 16 Brazilian plants and a total 355 species, their families, geographical distribution, the utilized parts, method and references. Some aspects of research on medicinal plants and a brief review of the most common animal models to discover antiepileptic drugs are discussed. For this purpose over 170 references were consulted.

Keywords : Medicinal plants; Natural products; convulsion; anticonvulsant properties; animal models; review.

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