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Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
versión On-line ISSN 1981-528X
RAMOS, Suzana C. S. et al. Antibacterial and cytotoxic properties of some plant crude extracts used in Northeastern folk medicine. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2009, vol.19, n.2a, pp. 376-381. ISSN 1981-528X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2009000300007.
In the present study, 32 hexane and ethanol extracts of Protium bahianum, P. heptaphyllum, Croton sellowii, C. rhamnifolius, C. jacobinensis, C. micans and Muntingia calabura were screened for antibacterial activity by the disc-diffusion method. Cytotoxicity assays using the brine shrimp Artemia salina Leach as a model were performed to determine lethal doses for 50% of individuals (LC50 µg/mL). Antibacterial activity was found in flowers hexane extracts of M. calabura against B. subtilis, and leaves ethanol extracts against S. aureus and B. subtilis at concentration of 1mg/mL. Among 32 extracts, 19 showed low or no toxicity (LC50 > 250 µg/mL), 6 showed moderate toxicity (LC50 between 80 µg/mL and 250µg/mL), and 7 were highly toxic (LC50 < 80 µg/mL).
Palabras clave : Artemia salina; cytotoxicity; antibacterial activity; Croton; Protium; Muntingia calabura.