Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
versión impresa ISSN 0102-695X
FLAUSINO JR, Otavio et al. Protease inhibition activity of extracts from Salicaceae species from Brazilian Cerrado and Atlantic Rain Forest and of an enriched fraction of clerodane diterpenes (casearins). Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2009, vol.19, n.3, pp. 755-758. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2009000500018.
Considering the traditional use of Casearia sylvestris Sw., Salicaceae, to threat gastric injuries and the pre-clinical studies showing its efficacy we aimed to screen other species to explore the biological activity of some species of this family. For this, we used a protease inhibition assay as a model for searching gastric anti-ulcer plant extracts. The ethanolic and aqueous extracts from branches and leafs of C. gossypiosperma, C. decandra and C. rupestris showed high percentage inhibition of pepsin, approximately 50%, with 1 μg/mL concentration. Curiously, C. obliquoa and Flacourtia ramontchi did not inhibit pepsin, but its most apolar extract showed inhibitory activity in the subtilisin assay. The enriched fraction of clerodane diterpenes inhibited the activity (42.75%) of pepsin with 1 ug/mL, but it did not inhibit subtilisin (23.76%). The results obtained with apolar and polar extracts from branches and leaves of some species of Salicaceae showed a different pattern of inhibition of two proteases, the aspartic pepsin and the serinic subtilisin, related with different biological activities. The results with the enriched fraction of clerodane diterpenes suggests that the activity observed with the C. sylvestris may be related with the presence of these substances in the crude extract.
Palabras llave : Salicaceae; Casearia; clerodane diterpenes; gastric anti-ulcer activity; protease inhibition; fluorescence assay.