Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
versão impressa ISSN 0102-695X
REIMBERG, Maria Célia H.; COLOMBO, Renata e YARIWAKE, Janete H.. Multivariate analysis of the effects of soil parameters and environmental factors on the flavonoid content of leaves of Passiflora incarnata L., Passifloraceae. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2009, vol.19, n.4, pp.853-859. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2009000600010.
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of soil characteristics (pH, macro- and micro-nutrients), environmental factors (temperature, humidity, period of the year and time of day of collection) and meteorological conditions (rain, sun, cloud and cloud/rain) on the flavonoid content of leaves of Passiflora incarnata L., Passifloraceae. The total flavonoid contents of leaf samples harvested from plants cultivated or collected under different conditions were quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV/PAD). Chemometric treatment of the data by principal component (PCA) and hierarchic cluster analyses (HCA) showed that the samples did not present a specific classification in relation to the environmental and soil variables studied, and that the environmental variables were not significant in describing the data set. However, the levels of the elements Fe, B and Cu present in the soil showed an inverse correlation with the total flavonoid contents of the leaves of P. incarnata.
Palavras-chave : Passiflora incarnata L.; cultivated medicinal plants; chemometric analysis; flavonoids; HPLC-UV/PAD.